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Types of Therapy Reference Guide

Humanistic Therapy

  • Humanistic therapy is an approach which emphasizes the importance of being your true self in order to have a fulfilling life.

  • Humanistic therapy helps individuals feel empowered and active in the process of making changes in their lives.

  • Individuals who struggle with feeling empty, lack positive support in their lives, and seek to improve themselves benefit the most from humanistic therapy.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

  • CBT is used to help patients recognize negative and unhealthy thought and behavior patterns.

  • CBT helps you become aware of negative thinking you may be displaying and allows you to respond to challenging tasks in a more positive light.

  • Individuals who exhibit many forms of anxiety such as panic disorders, social anxiety, and phobias benefit from CBT.

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy (EDMR)

  • EMDR is used to help individuals heal from symptoms caused by emotional stressors resulted from traumatic experiences.

  • EMDR is proven to be very effective for reducing PTSD and depression.

  • Individuals who struggle with severe trauma and have intense dreams, flashbacks, and anxiety-induced isolation interfere with their lives benefit from EMDR.


  • Psychotherapy is a treatment used for treating people’s emotional problems and mental illnesses.

  • Psychotherapy builds self-esteem, reduces anxiety, strengthens coping mechanisms, and improves social functioning.

  • Individuals struggling in coping with daily life, traumatic experiences, experiencing death of loved ones, depression, and anxiety will benefit from psychotherapy.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)

  • DBT is used to treat interpersonal conflicts and learning how to manage difficult emotions.

  • DBT helps people accept the reality of their lives and their behaviors, as well as learning how to change their lives and remove unhelpful behavior patterns.

  • Individuals who feel their lives are emotionally painful benefit from dialectical behavior therapy.

Trauma-Focused Therapy

  • Trauma-focused therapy is an approach which emphasizes the understanding of how traumatic experiences impacts an individual’s well-being.

  • Trauma-focused therapy helps individuals adapt skills and improve coping strategies to respond healthier towards triggers associated with the traumatic event.

  • Individuals who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder benefit from trauma-focused therapy.

Interpersonal Therapy

  • Interpersonal therapy focuses on diminishing negative symptoms and improving interpersonal functioning.

  • Interpersonal therapy helps identifying problems in how a person interacts or doesn't interact with others.

  • Individuals suffering from depression and anxiety benefit from interpersonal therapy.

Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT)

  • MBT is an evidence-based treatment which focuses on the individuals present, rather than past experiences.

  • MBT helps individuals increase the understanding of their and other people's feelings, as well as responding appropriately to other people's behaviors.

  • Individuals who suffer from borderline personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder benefit from MBT.

Animal-Assisted Therapy

  • Animal-assisted therapy is a therapeutic intervention which incorporates animals, namely dogs, horses, cats, and birds to help with treatment.

  • Animal-assisted therapy helps people recover and cope with health problems, such as heart disease, cancer, and mental health illnesses.

  • Individuals in long-term care facilities and who are receiving treatment for cancer benefit from animal-assisted therapy.

Holistic Therapy

  • Holistic therapy is an approach to support the individual as a whole, not just for their mental health concerns.

  • Holistic therapy helps individuals develop a deeper understanding for themselves by incorporating spiritual, physical, mental, and emotional forms of improvement for their well-being.

  • Individuals suffering from anxiety, depression, and trauma-related disorders benefit from holistic therapy.

Psychoanalytic Therapy

  • Psychoanalytic therapy is a form of in-depth talk therapy which aims to bring unconscious thoughts and feelings to the conscious mind for reexamining repressed experiences and emotions.

  • Psychoanalytic therapy helps individuals identify self-limiting patterns, heal from past experiences, and understand how their unconscious mind influences their behavior.

  • Individuals suffering from depression, emotional struggles, and emotional trauma benefit from psychoanalytic therapy.

Play Therapy

  • Play therapy uses play toys and games for children to explore, express, and safely experience the difficulties they are going through.

  • Play therapy helps children cope with difficult emotions and find solutions to their problems.

  • Children between the ages of 3-12 years old benefit from play therapy.

Gestalt Therapy

  • Gestalt therapy is centered on increasing a person's awareness, freedom, and self-direction.

  • Gestalt therapy helps individuals focus on the present and discover what immediate thoughts, feelings, or behavior that trigger anxiety.

  • Individuals who are interested in improving their self-awareness and have trouble understanding their own thoughts and actions benefit from gestalt therapy.

Prolonged Exposure Therapy

  • Prolonged exposure therapy (PE) allows you to work through painful memories in a safe supporting environment,

  • PE therapy allows you to participate in activities you're avoiding because of the trauma.

  • Individuals suffering from PTSD benefit from PE therapy.

§ Hypnotherapy

  • Hypnotherapy is a mind-body intervention in which hypnosis is used to create a state of focused attention

  • Hypnotherapy helps with managing stress and anxiety

  • Individuals who suffer from depression, anxiety, PTSD, and eating disorders benefit from hypnotherapy.

Art Therapy

Art therapy is a practice which incorporates creative methods of expression through visual arts

Ø Art therapy helps patients interpret, express and resolve their emotions and thoughts.

Ø Individuals who suffer from severe stress, anxiety, and addictions benefit from art therapy.

Cognitive Processing Therapy

  • Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) teaches you how to evaluate and change upsetting thoughts that triggered from trauma.

  • CPT helps reduce PTSD symptoms.

  • Individuals suffering from PTSD benefit from CPT.

Reality Therapy

  • Reality therapy views all behaviors by choice, this therapy doesn't consider mental health conditions.

  • Reality therapy helps people address any behavior that may prevent them from finding a solution to their issues.

  • Individuals suffering from addictions benefit from reality therapy.

Schema Therapy

  • Schema therapy focuses on changing schemas that are hindering the patient's life.

  • Schema therapy helps treating chronic depression, anxiety, and relationship difficulties.

  • Individuals who suffer from long-term mental health difficulties benefit from schema therapy.

Music Therapy

  • Music therapy uses musical interventions to accomplish individualized goals the patient is wanting to achieve.

  • Music therapy helps reduce stress, improves mood and self-expression.

  • Individuals who suffer from dementia, asthmatic episodes, and pain in hospitalized patients benefit from music therapy.

Family/Couple Therapy

  • Family/Couple therapy works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development.

  • Family/Couple therapy helps maintain healthy boundaries.

  • Single parent families and couples going through communication issues benefit from family/couple therapy.

General Systems Therapy

  • General Systems Therapy explores relationships as a system, including components, parts, relationships, and purpose

  • General Systems Therapy helps by resolving issues within a family as a complex entity.

  • Families who have communication issues benefit from general systems therapy.

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

  • PCIT is an approach for children who are disruptive at age 2-7 years old, as well as who have been abused from ages 2-12.

  • PCIT help improve the quality of the parent-child relationship and changing parent-child interaction patterns.

  • PCIT benefits foster caregivers and adoptive caregivers.

System Family Therapy

  • System family therapy focuses on exchanges of behavior that takes place in any given interaction between family members.

  • System family therapy increases family functioning through adaptive development and positive change.

  • Single parent families and families affected by chronic illnesses benefit from system family therapy.

Strategic Family Therapy

  • Strategic family therapy is aimed at encouraging family members to solve their issues as a unit.

  • Strategic family therapy reduces the risk factors that contribute to behavior problems and helps protect kids from future issues that may arise.

  • Children and adolescents 6 to 17 years old who deal with behavior problems benefit from strategic family therapy

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